External Publication

The following papers have been written at CWCT and published elsewhere.

CWCT participates in the editorial board of Journal of Facade Design & Engineering.

The CWCT also contributed to Innovation and research Focus and much of the CWCT work is described in short articles in this quarterly publication.


Ledbetter, S., Rigone, P. and Re Cecconi, F. (2015)
Service life prediction of aluminium construction products,
European Aluminium Association, Brussels, 2015.


Metcalfe, D., Keiller, A. (2014)
The use of membranes in built-up walls,
ICBEST 2014, Aachen.


Ledbetter, S. (2014)
The design construction and operation of facades in a building information modelling environment,
ICBEST 2014, Aachen.


Du, Q., Ledbetter, S., and Yang, R. (2012)
Web-based information system for cladding industry,
Frontiers of Manufacturing and Design Science II.Vol. 121-126. Trans Tech Publications, pp. 4265-4268. (Applied Mechanics and Materials).


Du, Q, Yang, R and Ledbetter, S. (2012)
The information sources in building cladding supply chain,
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 4 (21), pp. 4449-4452.


Du, Q, Yang, J, and Ledbetter, S. (2011)
Communication in the cladding supply chain,
Advanced Materials Research, 255-260, pp. 3898-3902.


Ledbetter, S. (2011)
Facade design - Simplexity or complicity,
Future Envelope 5 - Technology Transfer, Delft, 2011.


Ledbetter, S. (2010)
Trends in building envelopes: convergent function - divergent appearance.
Future Facades Conference, Delft, May 2010.


Metcalfe, D. (2010)
Automated and intelligent facades,
ICBEST 2010, pp 135-142, Vancouver 2010.


Ledbetter, S. (2010)
Environmental impact of constructing building envelopes,
ICBEST 2010, pp 225-231, Vancouver 2010.


Ledbetter, S. (2008)
Design trends driven by holistic design of cladding and structure,
pp 65-76, The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, Eds. Chan S, Tang H Hong Kong


Keiller, A. Ledbetter, S. (2008)
Robustness of rainscreen panels,
Construction Materials, 161 (3) p 93


Keiller, A. Ledbetter, S. Walker, A.(2006)
Structural use of glass,
Journal of Architectural Engineering, 12 (3) pp 137-149, American Society of Civil Engineers


Keiller, A. Ledbetter, S. Walker, A. Wolmuth, W (2005)
Glazing at height - guidance for designers and clients,
CIRIA, pp 206, ISBN 0 86017 632 0

Liao, Z. and Ledbetter, S. (2004)
From one dimension to three dimensional analysis,
International Conference on Building Envelopes Systems and Technologies, pp 63-70, Sydney, April 2004

Ledbetter, S. (2004)
What do we call it? A taxonomy of facades,
International Conference on Building Envelopes Systems and Technologies, pp 418-425, Sydney, April 2004

Ledbetter, S. (2003)
Communicating down the cladding supply chain,
Facade design and procurement, pp 161-166, Bath, April 2003. ISBN 1 874003 15 7

Keiller, A., Ledbetter, S. & Wilkinson, M. (2003)
Creating tomorrow's facade engineers,
Facade design and procurement, pp 57-64, Bath, April 2003. ISBN 1 874003 15 7

Ledbetter, S. (2002)
Facade engineering - what's behind the facade,
The Structural Engineer, Vol 80/No 22, pp21-24.

Ledbetter, S. (2001)
Facade engineering: the challenge for structural engineers,
The Structural Engineer, Vol 79/No 11, pp13-17.

Ledbetter, S. (2001)
Facade engineering - where are we now?
International Conference on Building Envelope Systems and Technologies, Ottawa 2001, Vol 2, pp1-10.

Ledbetter, S. (2000)
Trouble glazing,
Building, 4-8-2000, pp. 44-46.

Ledbetter, S. (2000)
Nickel sulfide in toughened glass,
Architectural and Surveying Institute Journal, 12 (3), pp. 28-29.

Ledbetter, S. & Wilkinson, M. (2000)
Living naturally at 500m. In: Vertical City,
Proceedings of IV International Conference of International Federation of High-Rise Structures, Madrid, November 2000, pp. 1-10.

Cook, S. R., Ledbetter, S. R.,  Ring, S. and Wenzel F. (2000)
Masonry crack damage: its origins, diagnosis, philosophy and a basis for repair,
Proceedings Institution of Civil Engineers, February 2000, pp. 39-50, ISSN 0965 0911

Skelly, M. (2000)
The individual and the intelligent facade,
Building Research & Information, 28(1), pp. 67-69, ISSN 0961-3218

Skelly, M. J. and Wilkinson, M. A. (1999)
'Blinded by the Light',
CIBSE Journal, December 1999, pp30-34

Skelly, M. J. and Wilkinson, M. A. (1999)
'The Integration of Occupant Control within an Automated Blind Control Strategy and the Application of Learning Systems',
CIBSE National Conference, 3-5 October 1999, pp327-337.

Pye, A.J. and Ledbetter, S. R. (1999)
Realising composite glass-adhesive beams in practice,
Glass in Buildings, pp. 185-190, Bath, March 1999, ISBN 1 874003 81 5

Harris, R. M. and Willmott, A. A. (1999)
Overhead glazing - A designer's checklist,
Glass in Buildings, pp. 251-256, Bath, March 1999, ISBN 1 874003 81 5

Layzell, J. P. and Ledbetter, S.R. (1998).
FMEA applied to cladding systems - reducing the risk of failure,
Building Research and Information, Vol 26(6), pp. 351-357,  E&:FN Spon. ISSN 0961-3218

Pye, A.& Ledbetter, S.R. (1998)
The selection of an adhesive for the construction of a glass- adhesive T-beam,
International Journal of adhesives and Adhesion, Vol 18/3, pp. 159-165,  Elsevier. ISSN 0143-7496

Ledbetter, S. R., Hurley, S. and Sheehan, A. (1998).
Sealant joints in the external envelope of buildings: a guide on design, specification and construction.
CIRIA R178, p. 195, CIRIA ISBN 0 86017 480 8

Harris, R. M. and Ledbetter, S. R. (1997).
Joint sealing and air infiltration through cladding in tall buildings.
Multipurpose High-rise Towers and Tall Buildings, pp. 131-142, E&FN Spon, ISBN 0 419 23300 8

Pye, A. & Ledbetter, S.R.(1997)
The Engineering of composite glass beams,
ICBEST '97, pp 85-90, Bath, April 1997. ISBN 1 874003 31 9

Harris, R. M. (1997).
The influence of frame design on the thermal performance of advanced glazing.
Proc. C69 Solar Energy society, pp. 25-34, ISBN 0-051-4504-6-X.

Layzell, J. P. (1997).
Failure mode and effects analysis in the cladding industry,
ICBEST '97, pp 173-178, Bath, April 1997. ISBN 1 874003 31 9

McDonald, N., Kerr, D. and Layzell, J. P. (1997).
The benefits of testing cladding for watertightness,
ICBEST '97, pp 295-300, Bath, April 1997. ISBN 1 874003 31 9

Ledbetter, S. R. (1997).
Servicability of building cladding.
IABSE Henderson Colloquium, Cambridge, 21-22 July 1997.

Layzell, J. P. and Ledbetter, S.R. (1997).
Feasibility of failure mode and effect analysis in the cladding industry.
Procurement - A key to innovation,
CIB W92, Montreal, May 1997, pp. 375-383, ISBN 0-9682215-0-5

Eaton, D., Elliot, R., Evans, D., James-Moore, M., Ledbetter, S., Masat, J. and Thompson, P. (1996).
Towards a zero defect culture within the construction industry.
IGLC96, International Conference on Lean Construction, Birmingham, August 1996.

Harris, R. M. and Ledbetter, S. R. (1994)
Assessing the thermal performance of curtain walling,
International Conference on Building Envelopes and Systems, pp 319- 324, ISBN 981 00 6001 7